Agro Advisory Service
Agro Meteorological Advisory Service (AAS) rendered by India Meteorological Department (IMD), Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) is a mechanism to apply relevant meteorological information to help the farmer make the most efficient use of natural resources, with the aim of improving agricultural production, both in quality and quantity and to minimize the impact of adverse weather on crops and to make use of favorable weather to boost agricultural production. Advisory content varied with location, season, weather, crop condition, and local management practices. The advisories also served as an early warning function, alerting producers to the implications of various weather events such as extreme temperatures, heavy rains, floods, and strong winds etc.
Weather services provide a very special kind of inputs to the farmer as advisories that can make a tremendous difference to the agriculture production. India Meteorological Department (IMD) has started issuing quantitative district level weather forecast upto five days (medium range weather forecast). Products comprising quantitative forecasts for eight weather parameters viz., rainfall(mm), maximum temperature(ºC), minimum temperature(ºC), cloud cover (okta) maximum relative humidity(%), minimum relative humidity(%), wind direction and wind speed(kmph).
Medium Range Forecast finds highest priority in the fields of agriculture and water management. It is well known that agriculture in our country depends largely on the summer monsoon rainfall, whose performance shows inter annual as well as intra seasonal fluctuations. All the agricultural operations right from sowing to harvest are sensitive to the rainfall. Hence it becomes important to predict the rainfall 5 to 7 days in advance.
Medium range weather forecast is required for the following operations:-
Management of labour and farm equipments; to decide about the sowing time of a crop; to determine the sowing depth of the seeds, so that normal seedling emergence rate may be maintained with the available moisture; to plan irrigation by taking into consideration the amount of expected rainfall; to achieve maximum efficiency of spray application; to decide about the harvesting of a crop; the upkeep of livestock can be made effectively by taking into account the expected heat and cold wave conditions.
In order to provide direct services to the farming community of our state, AMFU (Agro Met Field Unit), ICAR Jharnapani, Medziphema. Nagaland under the umbrella of India Meteorological Department (IMD) Pune has been issuing the district wise Agro Advisory Bulletins based on the above forecast and the crop information available from districts. The Agro Advisory Bulletins are being disseminated to different departments, KVKs’, ATMAs’, AIR, Doordashan and NGOs’ to reach the farming community at different locations of the state. Agromet bulletins include significant past weather, quantitative weather forecast for the next five days and specific advice on field crops, horticultural crops and livestock etc. which farmers need to act upon. Its frequency is twice a week i.e Tuesday and Friday.
District Level Agomet Advisory service system
Indian Council of Agricultural Research
(ICAR, Research Complex for NEH Region)
Ministry of Agriculture : Government of India
Site hosted : National Informatics Centre, Dimapur
Contained maintained and updated by : ICAR (RC) for NEH Region Nagaland Centre, Jharnapani